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Searching For Jesus Christ In The Book of Esther

Posted by Job on November 12, 2008

I am probably not qualified to make this statement, but of the books of the Bible, Esther is my least favorite. (If it is possible to list favorite books, as many do, then perhaps it is possible to list least favorites.) This is not to say that I do not regard the book as belonging in the canon. Like the other members of the canon, when reading it, its truth and authority are self – evident, especially in contrast with books that did not make the canon. It is just that despite my being able to acknowledge that it belongs in the canon, I do not know why it does, what purpose it serves.

I did not always feel this way. Quite the contrary, Esther was once one of my favorites! It is gripping narrative centered around a very sympathetic protagonist (and featuring a vile antagonist plus not a few fascinating agonists) who was heroic in every sense of the word. Small wonder that Esther has been a favorite for Bible stories and adaptations. However, the Bible is not supposed to be just great armchair reading, a pious page turner if you will.

One of the issues that I have with the book: it concerns the events of the disobedient Jews who refused to heed God’s command to return to an extremely difficult rebuilding job in Israel that was vital to their religious character, history and duty as a nation and a people because they had gotten happy and comfortable with their lives IN BABYLON (with all the negative typology and allegory that it entails) that they were just fine forsaking the city of David and being without the temple and their religious systems and to just hang out with pagans. (This is strangely similar to how the earliest Jewish Christians, despite being specifically told by Jesus Christ to go make disciples to the ends of the earth, disobediently stayed in Jerusalem and only left because of persecution!) So, the threat of extinction that they faced at the hands of Haman that required Esther’s intercession was a problem created as a result of their own disobedience. Yet, this context manages to be the book’s strongest point that I can figure out. First, it verifies that Paul’s statement that God has not cast aside His people the Jews to be correct long before Paul’s statement was written. It also shows that God continues to pour His mercy and blessings, indeed His grace, out upon His elect even while they are continuing in a state of sin and disobedience, which is truly a comfortable message to Christians that struggle with sinful areas in their lives.

The book has another useful characteristic: to me it helps rebut the notion that the Jewish conceptions of the spirit realm and afterlife did not come until after the exilic or post exilic period. Liberal scholarship asserted that Jews had no real concept of angels, demons, the spirit realm, the afterlife etc. and were basically worshiping what amounted to a very naturalistic religion very similar to the pagan systems of the ancient near east centered around land and promises of long life, wealth and many children until A) being torn from the land and facing dire circumstances caused them to re – evaluate their religious worldview and B) they encountered Zoroaster and his Zoroastrian cult while in Babylon whose doctrines spoke to their new situation in ways that the Sinai religion did not, so they adopted them as their own.

As the story goes, before then their religion was limited to land, children, rituals, and temporal blessings, but it was only after their fall to Babylon, their encounter with Zoroastrians, and the persecution at the hands of the Greeks and then the Romans when demons became a convenient way of explaining temporal evil, and the afterlife became the promise for religious people experiencing widespread poverty and persecution. For this reason, all of the Old Testament references that mentioned demons and the afterlife had to have been either written or edited after the Jewish encounters with the “wise Zoroaster.” 

Of course, liberals believe this because they reject the Bible. Jews are not stridently opposed to the idea that Babylon influenced their theology because of the need to defend the legitimacy of the Babylonian ideas that are pervasive in the Talmud and kabbalah. The concern, however, is that this idea has basically been accepted by leading evangelical thought. They have adopted this “the Jews learned of the afterlife from Zoroaster” theory as basically being part of progressive revelation, completely unbothered by how it makes Jesus Christ, who spoke of evil spirits and the afterlife far more than anyone else in canonical scripture prior, a mere exponent of Zoroastrian – Jewish syncretism that has little if anything to do with the Old Testament. (In other words, according to the liberal theology that is basically being advanced by many evangelicals, JESUS CHRIST WAS WRONG AND THE SADDUCEES WERE RIGHT!) In order to defend their adoption of the liberal historio – critical angle so as to be counted respectable in the scholarly community, they deal with references to evil spirits in books that they have to admit are pre – exilic with such tricks as claiming that the evil spirit that troubled Saul was merely an emotional problem, ill temper, a case of the blues! 

Well, the book of Esther clearly represents the exilic mindset. This is evident by the fact that no mention of God is made whatsoever. Which, of course, is the main reason why the book troubles me. This is also in evidence by the man made creation of the holiday Purim. Of course, the only holidays, or “holy days” were created by God, and man has no right to declare them. Yet Purim was merely the first of several more such “holy days” declared by Jews and later by Christians. (By the way, similar to the actions of the judges including but not limited to Gideon and Samson, an event’s being recorded in the canon does not imply that it has God’s approval.) So, how can the references to evil spirits and the afterlife in the Old Testament be due to exilic and postexilic authorship and revisions if the Bible book that most reflects exilic theology and thought makes no mention to anything spiritual at all? 

Many deal with the lack of mention of God in Esther by asserting that it is a profound statement of providence, God’s unseen hand moving through history to control its events and work things out for His people. Esther 4:14 – “…And who knows whether you have not come to the kingdom for such a time as this?” is often used as the key passage for such a view, and there are others. While this is certainly true, I struggle with the notions of great theological significance often afforded to Esther because of it, because it does not seem to fit other examples of God’s providence in scripture that explicitly mention God’s will and role, such as Joseph’s telling his brothers that his plight was the result of God’s using him to save his family and many other people. Further, Joseph and the other incidents of providence in scripture are related to salvation history, such as Ruth’s joining the line of David and Jesus Christ. Where does Esther fit into salvation history, since the Jews that were saved were not those who returned to Israel to play out their role, but rather the ones who remained in Babylon?

My main issue with Esther is my belief that the role of the Bible is to reveal Jesus Christ: to teach us about His Person, His Mission, His Office, and His Nature, so that through the revelation of Jesus Christ we can learn about the Father and His Will for us. But where is this in Esther? It is my position that every book in the Bible teaches us about Jesus Christ, and that is why the books are in the canon. As a matter of fact, that is where the authority that is self – evident in the Bible books come from in my opinion. But where is it in Esther?

Of course, some may question the notion that every book in the Old Testament teaches or reveals something about Jesus Christ – and many do – and use the very short books of the minor prophets as an example. To answer that objection, please recall that the minor prophets were originally one single book, the Book of the Twelve, so that covers that matter. Also, the book of Esther is quite a bit longer than the book of Obadiah, isn’t it? It contains many verses that could be used to reveal something about Jesus Christ!

Now of course, I could be wrong! Indeed, I frequently am, and often find myself in need of further study, or of someone more knowledgeable than myself concerning matters of scripture to come and instruct me. I certainly hope that such is the case with the book of Esther, that I can discover or someone can come along to rebuke, reprove and admonish me and then tell me about how this book teaches the church about Jesus Christ in ways that I in my ignorance, spiritual immaturity, hard heartedness, arrogance and blindness did not receive in my heart! I hope that day comes very soon, not so much that Esther can once again become one of my favored books of the Bible – for God is not obliged to honor or be concerned with the arbitrary likes and dislikes of my puny feeble mind – but rather so that the contents of this book can reveal to me and teach me in some area that I am obviously very needful of and desperately missing.

Were anyone to contribute to my search, to inform and teach me of what I have been missing, I would be exceedingly grateful!


47 Responses to “Searching For Jesus Christ In The Book of Esther”

  1. pjmiller said


    I’m no expert but i’ve always thought the book of Esther was showing us how God used Esther(and Mordecai)to prevent satan from destroying the lineage through which The Messiah, Jesus, would be born: Proof that regardless of the disobedience of Israel, God’s prophetic word would be fulfilled.

    LOL, maybe i just see it in too simple a context..As we see through out the old testament, there are many types and shadows used, so the book of Esther may hold many as well.

    • jbo said

      How about viewing Esther, especially in the 4th and 5th chapters as a type of Christ approaching God (King) representing the Jews which were marked for extermination. What better example as Christ also fasted and prayed before accepting His fate and ultimately being able to claim his followers before his father in his spotless garments. “For such a time as this” HE boldly went before the throne of grace and presented his petition before the king. Old Haman (satan) was defeated and met his just reward as the devil and his imps will on that final day. Remember, all scripture points to Jesus. All we have to do is look for it. It’s just like looking for the good in all our situations no matter how hopeless they may seem. Our advantage here is “all things WILL work together for good for them that love the lord and are the called according to his purpose. God always has a plan whether we do our not. Read it again and look for the parallels. GOD IS GOOD, ALL THE TIME!!

  2. Arie said

    Michael beckett wrote a book ‘Gospel in Ester’. Read it and Ester will be high on your favorites! bless you very much

  3. nan said

    The people were always falling and being disobedient to God not only in the book of Esther. Also the people of God are not the Jews, but is whosoever ever will let him come.. Whoever accepts Christ as their personal saviour and is baptized shall be saved. So far, these people who call themselves jews reject Jesus as the Messiah and they will NOT be in Heaven unless like the rest of us accept Jesus as their personal Saviour. The truth is going to come out about these German people who call themselves the chosen of God and who the real people were and are, and eveybody is going to be shocked, but some people are going to say Yeah I already knew they were fronting. Truth always comes out in the end. The book of Eshter is a powerful book, just like all of the Bible. To say I like all others, but don’t particularly care for one is not good, not good at all.

  4. Devon said

    Interesting thoughts Job…my least favorite book in the Bible is Leviticus…oy…that is hard to get through….ha ha ha…

    I enjoy Esther though if I am not mistaken, it is the only book in the Bible that doesn’t mention the Lord directly?? Of course, you can see Providence in action throught out this Biblical story…

  5. micey said

    this is an excellent and thought provoking post and I have no answer for you. 🙂 The book I seriously don’t get is Song of Solomon. I don’t think I am ready for whatever it is I could learn there yet?

    • The best explanation is that it is another (albeit flowery) perspective on Christ’s love for His Church.
      Jesus is the Bridegroom, and the Church is the Bride.
      Revelation 21:2
      “And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.”

      • I should have also said that the love between a Bridgegroom and a Bride is a two-way love, and as it says in 1 John 4:19:
        “We love him, because he first loved us.”

  6. Job said


    I was of the belief that the Jewish line that Jesus Christ was born through were the ones who had returned to Israel from Babylon by then. But I could be wrong!

  7. Job said


    I will look into this book “Gospel In Esther”. Thank you!

  8. Job said


    “The book of Esther is a powerful book, just like all of the Bible. To say I like all others, but don’t particularly care for one is not good, not good at all.”

    I agree. I have the position that the problem is not in the book, but in my ability to comprehend it. That was why I asked for help! So, I will DEFINITELY be investigating Arie’s suggestion! Thanks.

  9. Job said


    I like Leviticus because of all the typology that points to Jesus Christ, all the things that Jesus Christ fulfilled. The book that is tough to get through for me is Numbers, but many serious Bible people insist that all of those genealogies are extremely important and are vital to helping one understand what happens later on!

    Yes, it is the only book that does not mention God or even seem to credit or praise Him. Again, one of the things that gives me pause. Which, of course, is why I need to acquire the book that Arie recommended! 🙂

  10. Job said


    Song of Solomon is another tough one. That is probably the one book where an allegorical or metaphorical interpretation is more helpful than a literal one. It does help that Song of Solomon is so easy to metaphorically interpret that many people insist that it was meant to be a metaphor with a dual meaning when Solomon wrote it, which is my own position.

  11. Stephen said

    I believe you have proven the book of Esther to not be inspired. I do not believe it should be viewed as “canonical.”

    God bless


  12. I would invite you to comment on my blog, my most recent post is about the book of Esther, at . Do you think I’m grasping the main point?

  13. Job, you might like Esther better if you look at some of the “types” in it.
    Queen Vashti, who spurned the king = Israel, who spurned the King.

    Esther = the Bride of the King.
    Esther means “I will be hidden”, her Hebrew name was Hadassah, which means myrtle, which stands for God’s blessing.

    You can probably google and find some good studies showing the entire story of the Church (the Bride and the King) in Esther. So far as I am aware, it is the only book in the bible that shows a picture of the Church.

    Read Esther 2:3, and then read Matthew 22:9-10
    Also Psalm 45:14,15, & 17
    I think you will enjoy studying Esther anew when you see what it points to ;O)

  14. Job said


    That seems to be more allegorical than typological. It also reminds me of what Origen and his school of Hellenistic allegorists at Alexandria produced, rather than the more solid interpretative school at Antioch. It is extremely problematic for other reasons. Vashti, for instance, was justified and proper in refusing to attend what this “dinner” which historians assert was actually a drunken orgy. And the allegorical tendency to use every negative character in the Bible (again, not that Vashti was negative) to represent the Jews and every positive character to represent the church was used to construct the whole “the church is the kingdom of heaven” doctrines and resulting mindset which culminated not only in the Holocaust, but the wholesale slaughter of CHRISTIANS branded as “heretics” because they refused infant baptism by both Catholic AND Protestant church – state.

    Esther as the church has further problems. It is true that she was chosen and did not choose the king, which supports predestination. But her role was to intercession for her people before the king. That would be a role that Jesus Christ played (and plays in heaven) before the father for the church, not of Israel or the church for … the world maybe?

    Also, making Esther either Israel or the church or the bride … well what does that make the human pagan king with manifest moral failures and character flaws in this story? The king starts out as a cruel, silly, arbitrary, vain figure and in the end is redeemed only by marrying a Jewish wife and making a Jewish advisor second in command. He wasn’t even the pagan king most highly spoken of for his virtues in the Bible! So no, we cannot call Esther the bride that represents the church on account of who Esther married.

  15. Devon said

    That’s interesting that you would like Leviticus Job…another well known famous believer by the name of Bob Dylan also considers that book to be his favorite…

    Numbers is quite boring at times to…hard slugging…I find parts of Ezekiel hard to get through also….

    Interesting discussion…

  16. Job said


    You know, I don’t know a thing about Bob Dylan. Never heard a single song that he ever made. I think that he was part of the “We Are The World” ensemble, but that is about it. (Yes, I had a very sheltered childhood … I grew up Pentecostal Holiness remember …)

  17. John Kaniecki said


    Hi hope you are well.

    I knew Bob Dylan became a Christian but I thought he returned to being Jewish.



  18. Devon said

    Robert Zimmerman, otherwise known as Bob Dylan is argueably the greatest American songwriter of all time…George Harrison of the Beatles said the Dylan was greater then the Beatles…

    Granted, his voice is an acquired taste but the man has written so many classics it is scary….and so many well known artists have taken Dylan’s songs and made them even better…

    Dylan got saved in the late 70’s and wrote 3 CLASSIC Christian albums…incredible stuff…with a Black Gospel sound on some of them…

    John, Dylan has had his struggles and his walk has been up and down but it is generally well accepted that he still walks with the Lord though he isn’t nearly as loud with his witness as he was in the early 80’s……

    He still performs some of his Gospel music live and when recently asked what would be the last song he would like to hear before he died, he answered ‘Rock of Ages’…..pretty good choice…

    Here is a beautiful video of Bob doing one of his gosple numbers on youtube…wonderful stuff….called “I will Love Him”…

    Take care

  19. Devon said

    I forgot the url for Bob’s gospel song…


  20. Danny said

    Hi Job,

    My Bible study group is going through Esther at the moment, which is the reason why I Googled “finding Jesus in the book of Esther” and stumbled across your post.

    Here’s a couple of “shadows” we’ve picked up so far.

    Compare Esther 5:1-3 with Philippians 2:5-11. Esther obeyed her adopted father, Mordecai, humbled herself to the point of preparedness to die, in order to save her people, found favour in the king’s sight and was offered up to half the kingdom. Jesus obeyed his Father, humbled himself to the point of death on a cross, in order to save his people, was exalted by the Father and given the name above all names in the Kingdowm of God.

    Also, Esther 6:6-12 with Mark 11:7-10. Mordecai is a Jew on death row, being paraded around on horseback as “the man whom the king delights to honour” by his worst enemy, Haman, the man who had condemned him to die. Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey, being hailed as “he who comes in the name of the Lord” by the same crowd that one week later would shout “Crucify him!”

    Also, the book fits into the greater salvation narrative in that it wasn’t just the Jews that remained in exile that were to be killed under Haman’s edict. The order had been spread over the whole Persian empire, “from India to Ethopia”, so the Jews who had returned to Jerusalem were under just as much threat as those in Susa. If they get wiped out, the Messiah doesn’t come.

    We are uncovering more every week of our study, but I hope these couple help you appreciate the book anew.

    God bless

  21. Andrew said

    Job, I think the first and most important thing is that you see Jesus and have Him living in your heart. This will bring alive the word of God to you. Yes, Jesus is in the entire Bible. There is another thing I think that will really bless you. And that is that CROSS of Jesus is the dividing line. Everything that happens before the cross is a shadow pointing ahead to the cross of Jesus and His love for the whole world. And all the epistles of Paul point back to the cross and reveal what Jesus has done for every person. Wow! It’s so exciting! The Bible study then becomes a joyful treasure hunt. Looking for Jesus!

  22. Frank said

    Hope this is helpful to many. An Exposition of the Book of Esther (The Little Known Book of Prophesy that Reveals God’s Magnificent Plan of Salvation Through the Person and Work of Jesus Christ) The Book of Esther is read every year to the assembled congregations of the Jewish people in their synagogues to the present day. It is read as part of the celebration of the Feast of Purim. The feast is celebrated to remember the deliverance of the Jews. Esther is indeed about the miraculous physical deliverance of the Jews of national Israel (the physical descendants of Abraham). More importantly, however, it is also about the miraculous spiritual deliverance of the true “Jews,” the body of believers, the Church of Jesus Christ (the spiritual descendants of Abraham through Christ who include a remnant of both national Israel and the Gentile nations). Because the Book of Esther has both an earthly (historical) and a Heavenly (spiritual) meaning, it is an historical “parable.” While it does provide an account of an actual period in history, it was nonetheless written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit and has been incorporated into God’s Word the Bible. It is a vignette orchestrated by God in the first instance (historically) and written down as precisely crafted in the Bible in the second instance (spiritually) to fulfill God’s own purposes. Perhaps the most important of God’s purposes was to convey in one short, ten chapter, account most, if not all, of the key elements of His magnificent salvation plan. The message of the Book of Esther is the same Gospel message that can be found everywhere else in the Bible as it focuses on the person and work of the Lord Jesus Christ. The only difference is that, each time Jesus is found in the Bible, we can learn more about Him and God’s Gospel plan through Him (which glorifies God in the process). However, to truly “see” Jesus (to believe with our hearts and not just our minds), we must have our spiritual eyes opened by God. Given that can be the case, then another purpose for God having provided us with the Book of Esther is that it will edify and strengthen the faith of the saints (the believers). (Esther is also a prophetic book because it culminates with a picture of Judgment Day and the eternity in Heaven that will follow for all who are counted among the people of Jesus.) So where do we see Jesus in the Book of Esther? Some Christian commentaries conclude that it is Esther who, “as the advocate for her people,” is deliverer of salvation to her people and therefore portrays Jesus Christ. Is that correct? Let’s look at the six main characters in the order of their appearance: 1) King Ahasuerus: A very great and powerful king who reigned over a “glorious kingdom” with the “honour of his excellent majesty.” 2) Queen Vashti: A beautiful queen, the first wife of the king Ahasuerus. When she was bidden by the king (by his “commandment”) to a great feast, she refused to come; so the king decreed that she could never again come into his presence. He also decreed that her royal estate be given “to another that is better than she.” King Ahasuerus sent letters to all his provinces to be published “to every people after their language.” 3) Mordecai: A certain Jew who lived in the king’s palace and sat in the king’s gate. He was the nearest kinsman to Esther. 4) Esther: A fair and beautiful maid, a virgin, (and orphan) brought up by Mordecai and he “took for his own daughter”… “for she had neither mother or father.” Esther pleased king Ahasuerus and “she obtained kindness of him.” “And the king loved Esther above all the women, and she obtained grace and favour in his sight more than all the virgins; so that he set the royal crown upon her head, and made her queen instead of Vashti.” 5) Hegai: The King’s Chamberlain, the keeper of the women (very likely a eunuch). 6) Haman: A chief prince of king Ahasuerus who because he saw that Mordecai bowed not to him (Haman), nor reverenced him, “Haman sought to destroy all the Jews that were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the people of Mordecai.” The Plot: King Ahasuerus replaces his first queen, Vashti, for her disobedience, and gives her royal estate to Esther (the Jewish orphan raised up by her elder kinsman, Mordecai) who has been anointed by the King’s Chamberlain, Hegai. Later, prince Haman, in his prideful wrath, convinced the king to decree the destruction of “a certain people” (the Jews) from throughout the land at the end of the year by accusing that they did not keep the king’s laws. Haman also sought to have Mordecai hanged on the highest gallows that Haman had made. However, Mordecai, because of an earlier act of faithfulness to the king (certified to the king by Esther in Mordecai’s name), was instead honored by the king and arrayed in the king’s royal apparel wearing the king’s royal crown and allowed to ride through the street of the city on the king’s horse. This was the very honor that Haman, because of his pride, had sought for himself. Instead of receiving that honor as he expected, Haman was humiliated. Later under commandment from Mordecai, Esther went into the kings presence (at the risk of death, but walking by faith…”if I perish I perish”) to inform the king of Haman’s plot to kill her people. As a result, Haman was hung from the same gallows he had made for Mordecai. In the final battle, at the end of the year, where Haman had planned to have all the Jews destroyed and consumed in one day, all those who hated the Jews, including all of the ten sons of Haman were themselves removed “with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter, and destruction.” The next day, after this great battle, the Jews rested from their enemies and “made it a day of feasting and gladness,” to be remembered and kept throughout every generation. Finally, because the king had advanced Mordecai “next unto the king” (his right-hand man, so to speak), Mordecai was “great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his brethren, seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace to all his seed.” We also read earlier, after the death of Haman, that “Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad. The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour.” If we compare this historical account with the rest of the Bible, we can find some amazing and unequivocal parallels between the following: 1) King Ahasuerus with Heavenly Father (or more generically, Almighty God) 2) Mordecai with Jesus Christ (God as Savior) 3) Queen Esther with the body of believers (from both Jew and Gentile; the true “Jews” or the eternal Israel) 4) Hegai with the Holy Spirit 5) Haman with Satan It is Jesus Christ who delivers His people, the “Jews.” He is the one who ascended to the right hand of God the Father. Jesus is the one we read about in Revelation 19 who wears the crowns, riding the white horse whose name is Faithful and True. He is the one who Satan sought to destroy on the cross, but it was Jesus who instead vanquished Satan at the cross. Jesus (as the God-Man) is the one who rears up the believers by serving in the role of their near kinsman. We also know that at the great battle at the end of the age, on Judgment Day, all who are in league with Satan (the unbelievers) will be destroyed with him at that time. Then will the “Jews” (the true believers in Christ, the Messiah, please see Romans 2:28-29) find rest from their enemies. We also know that the believers are referred to throughout the Bible as the Bride of Christ (and Jesus Christ is also God). That bride is described in the Bible with all the attributes ascribed to Esther. The believers replaced national Israel (pictured by Vashti), God’s former chosen people, whom He effectively divorced at the cross (please see Jeremiah 3:8 regarding the initial divorce by God of the first ten tribes of Israel, see also Isaiah 50:1) because they would not come when bidden to the penultimate Passover Feast (they rejected Jesus as Messiah, see also Luke 14:15-24). Regarding Haman’s role, from Isaiah 14:12-15, we clearly see that Satan, the chief prince of all the angels that became devils, in his great pride sought to “be like the most High,” but was subsequently consigned to Hell. (Note that Satan wanted to exalt his throne above the “stars” of God; In the Bible the stars represent the believers, typified by Esther). Remember also, in Matthew 4:8-10, how the devil, like Haman to Mordecai, desired for Jesus to “fall down and worship” him, and Jesus answered, “Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.” Biblical Validation of the Esther Exposition The preceding commentary was not written with any presumption that this author understands every nuance of the Book of Esther. To my knowledge, no one (other than God Himself) can ever claim the ability to plumb the depths of the riches of God’s word, the Bible. However, I am confident that if we humbly, faithfully, approach the Bible with no other pre-suppositions than that God is the sole author of the Bible, then we can begin to see by that faith (albeit as through a glass darkly) the truths that God has hidden within His word. As we have already learned, there is much more to the Bible than meets the “physical” eye, and it’s not just an intellectual exercise. The Bible itself uses such terms such as “mystery” and “dark sayings” to describe how it has been uniquely crafted by God in a magnificent, and yes, even a mysterious way, whereby He has deliberately veiled or hidden the true spiritual meanings of its passages from those whom He has not given the “spiritual eyes and ears.” In Mark 4:11+12 we read, “And he (Jesus Christ speaking to His disciples) said unto them, Unto you (the elect of God, all true believers) it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without (the non-elect), all [these] things are done in parables: That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and [their] sins should be forgiven them.” In the final analysis, it is only by Grace of God that a man can discover that Jesus Christ is the mystery and hidden wisdom of the whole Bible, and that salvation is by Him alone. (See 1 Corinthians 2:7+8.) I Corinthians 2:13 teaches, “Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual” (i.e. scripture with scripture). The only thing “dangerous” about this method of interpretation is that unless it is done faithfully, using the Bible as its own sole interpreter, men will arrive at wrong conclusions based on their own thoughts rather than those of God. Having reviewed these fundamentals, let’s look at a few questions that have been brought to my attention regarding the preceding commentary. First, it has been asked, “What are the implications of a pagan, drunken, self-centered, and rash king (who seeks and is bound by the counsel of his advisors) being likened to God?” Can A Pagan King Be Likened To God? Is it really possible that a “pagan” king can be likened to God? If we turn to Genesis 41:39-44, we can see a similar account where another pagan king, a pharaoh of Egypt, elevated Joseph (who, like Mordecai, is a classic allegorical pre-figurement of Jesus Christ) to his right hand. Notice the language, “And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph’s hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck; And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him [ruler] over all the land of Egypt.” Isn’t it Jesus Christ to whom every knee will eventually bow? (see Philippians 2:10) And doesn’t the fine linen pertain to the righteousness of Christ which will eventually also be imputed to the believers? (See Rev. 18:19). What about kings Cyrus and Darius of Persia when they each gave a commandment to rebuild the temple? (see Ezra 1:1-2, Ezra 6:12) (Also note that in Ezra 6:14, Artaxerxes (Ahasuerus) is also listed with Cyrus and Darius, right after the God of Israel as having given that commandment.) In Daniel 6:25, we read, “Then king Darius wrote unto all people, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth; Peace be multiplied unto you.” Who is it that has the power to declare to all people, nations and languages, that dwell in all the earth, “Peace be unto you?” Only God Himself! (John 20:19, 21, 26, and Rev 1:4) So then, you be the judge, can a pagan king be likened to God? Drunken with Wine? Regarding the issue of drunkenness, nowhere in the book of Esther is there an explicit reference to drunkenness on the part of the king Ahasuerus. What was recorded in Est 1:10 was only, “When the heart of the king was merry with wine.” We should take a moment to review what is a parable…A parable is an earthly story with a heavenly or spiritual meaning. While we may speculate that in the historical context this means drunkenness, we have to be careful to see what God means spiritually by the use of such language. If it can only mean drunkenness then you would also have to accuse God of being a drunkard, because in Judges 9:12-13, we read, “Then said the trees unto the vine, Come thou, [and] reign over us. And the vine said unto them, Should I leave my wine, which cheereth God and man, and go to be promoted over the trees?” (Incidently in this parable, “the vine” represents Christ (John 15:1+5), and as everywhere in the Bible, good wine represents the shed blood of Christ. Take for example, in Luke 10:34, we read how the Good Samaritan treated the half-dead man, “And went to [him], and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him.” The wine represents the shed blood of Christ and the Oil represents the Holy Spirit (Psalm 23:5), and Jesus is that Good Samaritan as he saves every believer.) In Psalms 104:14-15, we read how the Lord God “causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth; And wine [that] maketh glad the heart of man, [and] oil to make [his] face to shine, and bread [which] strengtheneth man’s heart.” I’ve already explained the wine and oil, and everyone should know what the bread represents (please see John 6:35 and John 6:31). Before we leave the subject of wine at the feast (Jesus’s death on the penultimate Passover) to which Vashti (national Israel) refused to come. Did the wine (Jesus’s shed blood, as the atoning sacrifice culminating with His crucifixion) cheer God (make His heart merry)? In Isaiah 53:5 we read how Jesus “[was] wounded for our transgressions, [he was] bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace [was] upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.” And then in Isaiah 53:10, “Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.” One other aspect that relates to feasting and wine that is in the book of Esther not yet mentioned relates to the “banquets of wine” at which king Ahasuerus sat down with Haman in the presence of Esther (Esther, chapters 5-7). Did God ever sit down at a feast table with Satan in the presence of believers where wine was also present? Indeed He did. At the last passover feast, the “last supper,” God (as Jesus Christ) sat next to Judas Iscariot (who we know was indwelt with Satan, Luke 22:3) in the presence of Jesus’s eleven other disciples (believers) at the passover feast where we know the Jesus instituted the sacrament service with wine (representing His shed blood). As Jesus said in John 13:18, “I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture (Psalms 41:9) may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me.” Note also how that immediately after the banquet of chapter 7, Haman was hung on the high gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. The same day as the Passover Feast at which Judas Iscariot subsequently betrayed Jesus (under the prompting of Satan, see John 13:2), Jesus was hung on the cross (see Gal. 3:13). The fact of the matter is, although Satan sought to destroy Jesus at the cross, it was Satan who was actually dealt a death blow on that same cross. (Incidentally, at the same time, so was Judas Iscariot (who in effect was typifying Satan) hanged, see Matt. 27:5). On the last day, Judgment Day, Satan and all his dominion will be permanently cut-off and cast into the lake of fire, as typified by the death and subsequent hanging of Haman’s ten sons. Self-Centered? There is not too much that can be said about this other than God is the Great “I AM.” In Revelation 4:11, we read, “Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.” In Esther 1:4, we read about king Ahasuerus’s “riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty …” (Psalms 148:13, “Let them praise the name of the LORD: for his name alone is excellent; his glory [is] above the earth and heaven.” and Psalms 150:2, “Praise him for his mighty acts: praise him according to his excellent greatness.”) In Est 1:1 we read that the kingdom comprised 127 provinces. This is a large prime number, and as a result, it cannot be divided into any smaller numbers. God’s kingdom is also great and indivisible. Just as the decrees or commandments of king Ahasuerus could not be rescinded, neither can the laws of God be nullified by another decree. God’s law is eternal and irrevocable (as is to be expected of a just God). Matthew 24:35, Mark 13:31, Luke 21:33, God says, “Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.” God also says in the Bible (Romans 6:23), “For the wages of sin [is] death; but the gift of God [is] eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.” When someone goes to hell for his sins it is an irrevocable edict. And if someone is saved by grace (through Jesus’s perfect fulfillment of the law), God assures that person will remain in Heaven forever. Rash? The anger and wrath of a just God in the face of sin is never rash. When God sends sinners to hell for eternity, some might consider that rash (particularly in our day). If all we see in Esther chapter 1 is a simple historical account, it might appear as though the action of Ahasuerus was rash. Keep in mind that one sin is sufficient to send anyone to hell (just look at what happened to Adam and Eve for their one sin). Queen Vashti was bidden by the king to come to the feast. Remember the parable of Matt. 22:1-14? The “remnant”, that Jesus said was bidden to the wedding feast, but who refused to come and then slew the King’s servants (the Christians), was National Israel! Like Vashti, she acted rebelliously. She refused to come. She was disobedient. Anyone who takes the same action in response to God’s command to “Come unto me” will be cast out of the presence of God forever. Would anyone dare call that rash? Seeking and Being Bound to the Advice of Counselors? The answer to this question is found in the fact that God is in three persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. That is why we read in Genesis 1:26, “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.” God Counsels with Himself. Note also how there were 7 counselors. The number seven pertains to the perfection of God’s plan, so it is entirely appropriate that there would be 7 counselors. Please see Revelation 1:16 and 20 regarding the 7 stars in Jesus’s right hand that were described as a “mystery” and which were “the angels (messengers) of the seven churches.” Finally, as was explained above, God is bound by His own law that He established before the foundation of the world. Queen Vashti Permanently Replaced by Esther? Many people have taken issue with the idea that Queen Vashti could represent National Israel and “her royal estate being given unto another that is better than she,” (The another, meaning Esther, a figure or type of the true eternal body of believers from both the Old and New Testaments.) This can be so because the gospel of salvation (through the person and work of Jesus Christ) is intended for the whole world, both Jew and Gentile, and no longer exclusive to National Israel (although a remnant will nonetheless be saved). The concept of God becoming estranged from National Israel is a difficult one for most Christians to accept. God said that except for adultery there could be no divorce (please see Matt. 5:32 based on Deut 24:1) and the Bible makes clear the spiritual adultery of National Israel (please see Hosea 2:2). Nonetheless, based on Mark 10:2-12, God took the higher road in that the final separation did not take place until the death of Jesus (God in the Flesh) on the cross. That death effectively terminated the previous marriage according to the original law (Gen. 2:24), freeing Jesus to marry another who God esteemed to be better than she, that is the new bride, the Christian Church. The Likeness of Jesus Christ: Esther or Mordecai? Many, if not all, other commentaries on the Book of Esther claim that Esther (if she can be likened to anyone or anything) is a type of the Lord Jesus Christ, because (the authors of those commentaries claim), “Esther saved her people from destruction.” Is that true? Before we begin to answer that question, we must first be aware that absolutely nowhere in the Bible is a bride (or queen) ever likened to Jesus Christ. He is always the Bridegroom (or Prince or King), while the Church (the body of Believers) is always the bride (see Matt. 9:15, Mar 2:19, Luk. 5:34, Psa. 19:5, Isa. 61:10, Jer. 7:34, Jer. 16:9, Jer. 25:10, Jer. 33:11, Joel 2:16, Rev. 18:23). That having been said, was it Esther or Mordecai that saved the Jews? In Esther 2:22, we read, “And the thing was known to Mordecai, who told [it] unto Esther the queen; and Esther certified the king [thereof] in Mordecai’s name.” Who had the knowledge at the first, and in whose name was the testimony certified? In Mordecai’s name, not Esther’s! When we, as Christians, petition (pray to) Heavenly Father, do we close the prayer in the name of the bride, or the Bridegroom? We pray to Heavenly Father in the name of Jesus Christ. He is the one with knowledge that gives life, and He imparts it to us by His Holy Spirit. We don’t even know how or what to pray for unless He first tells us. Romans 8:26, “Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.” Remember also that Esther was an orphan (being “fatherless” she was, according to the Bible, spiritually desolate by nature…as everyone is before being saved), she was brought up or nourished by Mordecai, and not the other way around. He was, in effect, her kinsman redeemer (much as Boaz, another figure of Christ, to Ruth the Moabitish widow…and as a “widow” she was another Biblical figure of everyone who is desolate by nature before being saved). Esther went into the king’s presence at the instruction of Mordecai, walking by faith (“if I perish, I perish”). She only acted as any faithful believer in Christ should act, humbly trusting in God’s mercy alone to save her. Note that in Hebrews 12:2, we read, “Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.” The Church is the vehicle that God uses to bring the salvation message to save the true Jews (the elect of God, the true believing Christians). The believers pray to their Father in Heaven for the salvation of God’s elect in the name of Jesus Christ. We walk by faith and not by sight (II Corinthians 5:7). Furthermore, aren’t the believers told in Hebrews 4:16 to “…come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.”? Other Biblical Insights from the Book of Esther Hegai: a Type of the Holy Ghost In Esther chapter 2 we read of the King’s chamberlain, the keeper of the women, Hegai (who was in all likelihood a eunuch). We are told that Esther obtained kindness of him, and later received twelve months of purification with the oil of myrrh and sweet odors. It would not be inconsistent to conclude that in this prophetic parable, Hegai is a type of the Holy Spirit that anoints and purifies the believers, and Who makes it possible for them to come into the presence of the King, God Himself. Please note how in Esther 2:15 we are told, “Now when the turn of Esther, the daughter of Abihail (which in the Hebrew means “the father of power, might, strength, and virtue,” i.e. another portrait of God the Father) the uncle of Mordecai, who had taken her for his daughter, was come to go in unto the king, she required nothing but what Hegai the king’s chamberlain, the keeper of the women, appointed. And Esther obtained favour in the sight of all them that looked upon her.” The believers who have been sanctified by the anointing and indwelling of the Holy Spirit require nothing more than that which the Holy Spirit provides in order to come into the presence of the King. Esther 2:1: God Remembers His Covenant In Esther 2:1, we read, “After these things, when the wrath of king Ahasuerus was appeased, he remembered Vashti, and what she had done, and what was decreed against her.” This verse can in no way be interpreted as saying that King Ahasuerus changed his mind and later intended to restore Queen Vashti to her former estate, for verse 2:4 and 2:17 make it clear that she is replaced by Esther. How then are we to interpret this verse? When we realize that God had in effect been married to National Israel in the Old Testament as we read in Isaiah 50:1, “Thus saith the LORD, Where [is] the bill of your mother’s divorcement, whom I have put away? or which of my creditors [is it] to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities have ye sold yourselves, and for your transgressions is your mother put away.” and in effect did warn that he would put her away for her rebellion in Hosea 2:2, “Plead with your mother, plead: for she [is] not my wife, neither [am] I her husband: let her therefore put away her whoredoms out of her sight, and her adulteries from between her breasts;” and furthermore that He would betroth Himself to whom He had not been married as we read in Hosea 2:23, “And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to [them which were] not my people, Thou [art] my people; and they shall say, [Thou art] my God.” We also know that this people who were “not my people” includes the remnant chosen by Grace out of all the world, including a remnant from National Israel (Hosea 2:16-20). What else does the Bible say on this issue? With respect to remembering Vashti we know that God never forgot His covenant with Israel for we read in Leviticus 26:42, “Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land.” That is why we read in Luke 1:72, that Zacharias, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit said that in Jesus Christ, God was about, “To perform the mercy [promised] to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant;”. God remembered and performed His covenant to Israel in the person and work of Jesus Christ. Esther Chapter 3: The “Law” is Given In Esther chapter 3 we read where Haman, as the chief of the princes with him, because of His pride, reports to the king in verse 8, that there is a people that is scattered throughout the kingdom who do not keep the kings laws and the king should not suffer them to live. Haman even offered a great sum of silver to bring about the people’s destruction in verse Esther 3:11, “And the king said unto Haman, The silver [is] given to thee, the people also, to do with them as it seemeth good to thee.” Isn’t it an interesting “coincidence” that when God gave the commandment (the Law) to Adam and Eve not to eat of the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil he told them that the day they ate of it the would die, the serpent (Satan) tempted them to not “keep the King’s law.” Isn’t it also true that, until the cross, Satan was allowed to come before God (see Job 1:6 & 7) to be the accuser of the believers for not perfectly keeping the Law of God, for in Revelation 12:10 we read, “And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.” Note also that the not only was Judgment Day in view when God gave the first commandment, i.e. Romans 6:23, “For the wages of sin [is] death;” (in the second part of that verse is the way of escape that we read about in Esther chapter 8, “the gift of God [is] eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”), but God allowed Satan to have dominion over this whole creation by right of conquest. That is why Jesus said in John 18:36, “Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.” Esther 4:1: The Atonement of Christ “When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;” A close look at Esther 4:1 will reveal a beautiful summation of the atonement of Jesus Christ, the One who “perceived all” that God’s Law decrees. He knew that He must come as the sinbearer to redeem His people and so He humbled Himself (typified by Mordecai’s putting on of sackcloth with ashes, as the king of Nineveh did in Jonah 3:6, “For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered [him] with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.” Jesus humbled Himself by taking on a human body of low estate to become the sin bearer of all who would believe on Him. Incidentally, if we look Psalm 69, we find in verse 11 of this Messianic Psalm that, “I made sackcloth also my garment; and I became a proverb to them.” Please remember that this is the same Psalm that so particularly reveals the details of Christ’s atonement on the cross. As a result it is the most frequently quoted Psalm referring to Jesus Christ in the New Testament, including that by Jesus Himself. In verse 4, “They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head: they that would destroy me, [being] mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty: then I restored [that] which I took not away.” Compare this with John 15:24&25, “If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father. But [this cometh to pass], that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.” In verse 21 we read that, “They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.” That verse Messianically describes what happened to Jesus while He was hanging on the cross, as we find in Matthew 27:34, “They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted [thereof], he would not drink.” Also in John 19:28-30 we read, “After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put [it] upon hyssop, and put [it] to his mouth. When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.” In verse 9 we find, Psalms 69:9, “For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.” Compare this with John 2:17, “And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up.” and Romans 15:3, “For even Christ pleased not himself; but, as it is written, The reproaches of them that reproached thee fell on me.” If Jesus had not provided a substitutionary atonement for His people, the “Jews,” the Law would demand that they would perish at Judgment Day at the end of the age (typified by the end of the year in Esther). When Jesus died on the cross in Jerusalem, Jesus completed that work and, like Mordecai, gave out a “loud and bitter cry” as we read Matthew 27:46, “And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” Matthew 27:50, “Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.” (see also Mark 13:34&37 and Luke 23:46) Notice also the parallels between the actions of Esther (as a type for the Church) and Mordecai in Esther 4:4, “So Esther’s maids and her chamberlains came and told [it] her. Then was the queen exceedingly grieved; and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai, and to take away his sackcloth from him: but he received [it] not.” with that of Peter (as another “type” of the Church) and Jesus when Peter attempted to physically defend Jesus and keep Him from His atoning work. In John 18:10&11 we read, “Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus. Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?” That cup was the cup of God’s wrath for sin that Jesus had to suffer. Esther Chapter 8: The New Testament Era, Beginning at Pentecost As additional confirmation that the parallels derived from Esther with God’s whole plan of salvation are correct, please look at Esther 8:9, which describes how on the 23rd day of the third month a new decree (“all that Mordecai commanded …”) went forth by messengers on beasts under the commandment of Mordecai to every people and tongue in every province in the kingdom of King Ahasuerus. This new decree, while not annulling the first decree, which originally allowed for the destruction of the “Jews” (the people of Mordecai), did offer a way of escape for the people of Mordecai from the judgment set forth in the first decree. In Esther 8:9 we read, “Then were the king’s scribes called at that time in the third month, that [is], the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth [day] thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which [are] from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language.” Please note the similarity of this language with what Jesus commanded in Mark 16:15, “And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.” and Acts 1:8, “But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.” In Revelation 14:6, “And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,” Note also how in Esther 8:17, “And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king’s commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.” Doesn’t this sound exactly like what happened at the beginning of the New Testament era starting at Pentecost* in 33 A.D. when the Gospel of Salvation through Jesus Christ was first proclaimed? The New Testament did not annul the Old Testament Law, but it offered the Good News of the Way of escape from the penalty of the Law, “the wages of sin is death” through Jesus Christ, as we read in Romans 6:23, “For the wages of sin [is] death; but the gift of God [is] eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.” Didn’t many of the people obtain the necessary “fear” of God and become Christians (the true “Jews”), thereby obtaining peace with God, as a result? Isn’t that what also took place in the account given in Acts 10:42-45? There we read, “Acts 10:42 And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God [to be] the Judge of quick and dead. To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins. While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word. And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost.” To underscore this idea, God tells us in Ephesians 2:11-22, “Wherefore remember, that ye [being] in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ. For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition [between us]; Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, [even] the law of commandments [contained] in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, [so] making peace; And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby: And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh. For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father. Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God; And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner [stone]; In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord: In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.” Esther Chapter 9: The End of the Year, Judgment Day, and the Transition to Eternity With this concept in mind let’s look at Esther, Chapter nine. There we read of a slaughter of Haman’s ten sons (a probable reference to the ten horns/ten kings that “completely” rule in the apostate corporate churches with the beast/antichrist during the final tribulation according to Rev. 17:12) on the thirteenth day of the last month of the year. We read in Esther 9:18, “But the Jews that [were] at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth [day] thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth [day] of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.” Isn’t it interesting that the Feast of Unleavened Bread (which presaged the partaking of Jesus Christ) also began on the fifteenth day immediately following the Passover (that was Judgment Day for Jesus and hence the believers, Leviticus 23:6 and Numbers 28:17). Please note how it was also on the fifteenth day that God declares the children of Israel departed from their bondage in Egypt, because of what we read in Numbers 33:3, “And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.” The End of the Year is When Eternity Begins In the Book of Esther, the first decree went forth into all the great kingdom of Ahasuerus to be carried out in the end of the year in the twelfth month, Adar. Isn’t it interesting that just as it is obvious that the twelfth month in the Book of Esther can be equated to the end of the year, God Himself defines the “end of the year” to a time of harvest. In Exodus 23:16 we read, “And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, [which is] in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.” Remember that Jesus said in Matthew 13:39 that, “the harvest is in the end of the world.” The harvest that is equated to “the end of the world” refers to the completion of the final harvest wherein the believers’ souls, the “wheat,” are gathered into God’s barn, while the unsaved, the “tares,” are gathered together and taken out to be burned as we read in Matthew 13:30, “Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.” At the end of time, the last Trump should herald the end of this creation and the transition to eternity wherein the true “Jews” (Christians from all nations, kindreds, people, and tongues) will celebrate the eternal Jubilee brought about by the atoning sacrifice of Jesus Christ in the new Heavens and the new Earth in the presence of Almighty God. Esther Chapter 10: In Heaven, Believers Rest in the Peace of Jesus Christ In Esther 10:3 we read, “For Mordecai the Jew [was] next unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his brethren, seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace to all his seed.” Isn’t it a fact that Jesus Christ is the “Prince of Peace” (see Isaiah 9:6) and that in John 20:21 we read, “Then said Jesus to them again, Peace [be] unto you: as [my] Father hath sent me, even so send I you.” In Psalms 85:8, we learn that, “I will hear what God the LORD will speak: for he will speak peace unto his people, and to his saints: but let them not turn again to folly.” In Acts 10:36, “The word which [God] sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:)” All believers are considered the seed of Christ (the true eternal Jews), for we read in Galatians 3:26, “For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.”, and in Galatians 3:29, “And if ye [be] Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.” (and the promise is the Covenant of God which He made to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob). Please note the beautifully clear parallels between Esther 10:3 and the following verses: Psalms 18:50, “Great deliverance giveth he to his king; and sheweth mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for evermore.” Psalms 89:29, “His seed also will I make [to endure] for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven.” Psalms 89:36, “His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.” Psalms 112:2, “His seed shall be mighty upon earth: the generation of the upright shall be blessed.” The Bible makes it clear that, in God’s eyes, a “Jew” does not necessarily refer to a literal physical descendent of Abraham through Isaac, as we read in Romans 2:28&29, “For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither [is that] circumcision, which is outward in the flesh: But he [is] a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision [is that] of the heart, in the spirit, [and] not in the letter; whose praise [is] not of men, but of God.” Romans 9:1-8 reiterates how God views the eternal spiritual Israel (the believers in the Messiah, Jesus Christ), for Paul was moved by the Holy Spirit to write the following: “I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh: Who are Israelites; to whom [pertaineth] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service [of God], and the promises; Whose [are] the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ [came], who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen. Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they [are] not all Israel, which are of Israel: Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, [are they] all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called. That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these [are] not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.” This is also consistent with what we read in Psalms 22:30, “A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation.” Chapter by Chapter Expositional Outline of the Prophetic Book of Esther: Comfort for the Believers at all Times (Psalms 68:5, “A father of the fatherless (i.e.,Esther), and a judge of the widows (i.e.,Ruth and Naomi), [is] God in his holy habitation.”) I. God’s Magnificent Salvation Plan: National Israel (under the Law) rebels: making a way for the remnant of both Jews and Gentiles (under Grace)(Est. 1:12 and Est. 1:19) Please see Romans 4:15&16 II. God Remembers His Covenant: The Establishment of the New and Better Covenant (Est. 2:1-4) Please also see Hebrews 8:6-13 Jesus Christ (Mordecai) Shows Mercy to the Fatherless (Esther) (Est. 2:7) The Work of the Holy Spirit: (Est. 2:15) The Rebellion and Fall of Adam and Eve?: (Est. 2:21-23) III. Satan’s Dominion Over This Creation After the Fall of Adam (Est. 3:1 and 8-15) Please see Romans 6:23 Temptation of Christ, Satan Seeks to Destroy Jesus and His People (Est. 3:6) Please see Rev. 12:10 IV. The Atonement of Jesus Christ (Est. 4:1) V. The Faith of the Saints (Christ’s Faith, Eph. 3:11&12) (Est. 5:2) Please see Hebrews 12:2, Numbers 24:17, and Psalms 45:6 VI. Palm Sunday (Est. 6:11) VII. The Last Passover Feast and Christ’s Victory over Satan at the Cross (Est. 7:10) VIII. The Ascension and the New Testament Era (Est. 8:1-17) IX. Judgment Day and the Transition to Eternity X. Eternity in Heaven (Est. 10:3) Please see Gal. 3:16 & 29 NOTE: There is not one direct reference to God found anywhere in the Book of Esther. As a result, Martin Luther declared it to be an apocryphal book. It is also the only Old Testament book missing from the Dead Sea Scrolls, possibly because the Essene sect believed that Esther was not sufficiently faithful to the Mosaic Law, i.e., she married the Persian king. Four Main CHARACTER PROFILES: King Ahasuerus, Who Sat on the Throne of “His Glorious Kingdom and The Honour of His Excellent Majesty” Ahaseurus: According to Strong’s Concordance of Persian origin. It is said to be more of a title, refering to a king, rather than a specific name. It is believed to be the same as either Artexerxes or Xerxes. No genealogy is provided (Remember that God Himself has no genealogy). All Glory and Honor are God’s, He Alone is Excellent Esther 1:4, “When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, [even] an hundred and fourscore days.” Psalms 8:1, “{To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David.} O LORD our Lord, how excellent [is] thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens.” Psalms 145:5, “I will speak of the glorious honour of thy majesty, and of thy wondrous works.” Psalms 72:19, “And blessed [be] his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled [with] his glory; Amen, and Amen.” I Chronicles 29:13, “Now therefore, our God, we thank thee, and praise thy glorious name.” Psalms 148:13, “Let them praise the name of the LORD: for his name alone is excellent; his glory [is] above the earth and heaven.” Psalms 150:2, “Praise him for his mighty acts: praise him according to his excellent greatness.” Revelation 4:11, “Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.” I Chronicles 16:25-27, “For great [is] the LORD, and greatly to be praised: he also [is] to be feared above all gods. For all the gods of the people [are] idols: but the LORD made the heavens. Glory and honour [are] in his presence; strength and gladness [are] in his place. I Timothy 1:17, “Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.” God and His Word are Unchangeable Esther 1:19, “If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it be not altered, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate unto another that is better than she.” (Compare with: Daniel 6:8, “Now, O king, establish the decree, and sign the writing, that it be not changed, according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which altereth not.” and Daniel 6:15, “Then these men assembled unto the king, and said unto the king, Know, O king, that the law of the Medes and Persians [is], That no decree nor statute which the king establisheth may be changed.”) Malachi 3:6, “For I [am] the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed.” Numbers 23:19, “God [is] not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do [it]? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?” I Samuel 15:29, “And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent: for he [is] not a man, that he should repent.” Jeremiah 4:28, “For this shall the earth mourn, and the heavens above be black: because I have spoken [it], I have purposed [it], and will not repent, neither will I turn back from it.” God’s Word (the Gospel of Jesus Christ) is “Published” Throughout All His Empire Esther 1:20, “And when the king’s decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small.” Psalms 68:11, “The Lord gave the word: great [was] the company of those that published [it].” Mark 13:10, “And the gospel must first be published among all nations.” Mark 16:15, “And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.” Deuteronomy 31:30, “And Moses spake in the ears of all the congregation of Israel the words of this song, until they were ended. Give ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth. My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass: Because I will publish the name of the LORD: ascribe ye greatness unto our God. [He is] the Rock, his work [is] perfect: for all his ways [are] judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right [is] he.” The Seven Wise Men in Shushan the Palace In Esther 1:13&14 we read, “Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so [was] the king’s manner toward all that knew law and judgment: And the next unto him [was] Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, [and] Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king’s face, [and] which sat the first in the kingdom;)” Who do these seven wise men represent who know both times, law, and judgment? God gives us the answer in Revelation 4:5, “And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and [there were] seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.” Please note the similarity to what we find in Exodus 19:16 where we read, “And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that [was] in the camp trembled. And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.” and in Exodus 34:2, “And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning unto mount Sinai, and present thyself there to me in the top of the mount. Remember what God told Moses when Moses was to go up to Mount Sinai to visit with God? In Exodus 33:20 we read, “And he (God) said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live”. Doesn’t it appear that Mount Sinai was used of God to typify His throne? Furthermore, by typifying God’s throne, both Mount Sinai in Exodus (and Shushan the palace in Esther 1:2, “[That] in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which [was] in Shushan the palace,”) must therefore represent Heaven. We can say this because of what we read in Isaiah 66:1 (and Acts 7:49), “Thus saith the LORD, The heaven [is] my throne, and the earth [is] my footstool: where [is] the house that ye build unto me? and where [is] the place of my rest?”. Finally, isn’t it also reasonable to conclude that the seven wise men in the book of Esther could therefore be representative of the “seven Spirits of God” that are always with Him and see His face and Who know the times, law, and judgment (which relates to the “fire”)? Mordecai, a Jew, and an Elder Who Sat in the Gate Esther 2:5, “[Now] in Shushan the palace there was a certain Jew, whose name [was] Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite; Who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captivity which had been carried away with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away.” Although the meaning of “Mordecai” is not clear, we do know that as a Benjaminite, Mordecai was of the tribe of Benjamin (the only full brother of Joseph), whose name means “son of my right hand.” When Jacob gave a blessing to his sons this is how he blessed Benjamin: Deuteronomy 33:12, “[And] of Benjamin he said, The beloved of the LORD shall dwell in safety by him; [and the LORD] shall cover him all the day long, and he shall dwell between his shoulders.” Jair means “He Enlightens”: “Shimei” means “famous”: and “Kish” means “power.” From this genealogy we are given at least some insight into the possibility that Mordecai could represent the Lord Jesus Christ. It should also be noted that the genealogy provides some additional information that could be pertinent to any study of Mordecai. The genealogy makes it clear that Mordecai was at least indirectly related (a kinsman) to King Saul. A man named Kish was the father of King Saul, who was also a Benjaminite (similarly, so was the Saul in the New Testament who later became known as Paul). While King Saul was an outwardly handsome man, of great stature, and a king after the people’s heart, he was faithless and not a king after God’s own heart as was King David. Nonetheless, God did show compassion and grace toward a remnant of that line by the hand of King David. This was true for Mephibosheth (a grandson of Saul through Jonathan) who we read about in II Samuel 9:13, “So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem: for he did eat continually at the king’s table; and was lame on both his feet.” It was also the case for another man named Shimei who we read about in, II Samuel 16:5, “And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name [was] Shimei, the son of Gera: he came forth, and cursed still as he came.” Later in II Samuel 19:16-20, Shimei repented of his sin against David and begged for mercy and David granted it in as we read in II Samuel 19:23, “Therefore the king said unto Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king sware unto him.” However, in the case of that Shimei, we later read I Kings 2:36-46 that because he did not obey King Solomon’s commandment not to cross the Brook Kidron (he turned again to folly), King Solomon had that Shimei put to death. As for Jair, we read of a man named Jair in Judges 10:3-5, who was a judge in Israel; and in I Chronicles 20:5 of another son of a man named Jair (named Elhanan, which means “God is a gracious giver”) who slew the brother of the giant Goliath. The genealogical namesakes remind us that Mordecai (like Saul who became Paul) was of a line that should have been cut-off by God, but nonetheless was instead a recipient of God’s grace. We know that Mordecai was an elder in the city because he sat in the king’s gate. Further, despite having saved the life of the king, he and his good deed were soon forgotten. This is similar to the account in Ecclesiastes 9:14&15, “[There was] a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it: Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man.” Isn’t this similar to the wisdom of Jesus Christ who became poor that the believer’s might become rich in Him. Didn’t Jesus save His beloved Church, the “city” of the New Jerusalem? Nonetheless, following the abasement Mordecai suffered by the putting on of sackcloth and sitting in ashes, eventually he was exalted to the right hand of the king. Isn’t this similar to what we read of Jesus? Hebrews 2:9, “But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.” I Peter 1:17, “For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” Also in Revelation 4:11, “Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.” Revelation 5:11-13, “And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing. And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, [be] unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.” Revelation 7:12, “Saying, Amen: Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, and might, [be] unto our God for ever and ever. Amen.” Revelation 19:1, “And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God:” Mordecai’s Attributes: Humility Mordecai was a humble man who did not boast of his having saved the King. Wisdom Mordecai always took the wise and appropriate actions towards God and man. Concern for Others Mordecai showed compassion to Esther by raising her up as his own daughter and continuing to be concerned about her welfare and that of her (and his) people. A Man to Whom Glory and Honor Was Ultimately Given In reviewing the attributes of Mordecai and his portrayal relationship to Jesus in overturning the forces of darkness and receiving honor and glory in ultimate victory we can look to Psalm 21:1-13, “{To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.} The king shall joy in thy strength, O LORD; and in thy salvation how greatly shall he rejoice! Thou hast given him his heart’s desire, and hast not withholden the request of his lips. Selah. For thou preventest him with the blessings of goodness: thou settest a crown of pure gold on his head. He asked life of thee, [and] thou gavest [it] him, [even] length of days for ever and ever. His glory [is] great in thy salvation: honour and majesty hast thou laid upon him. For thou hast made him most blessed for ever: thou hast made him exceeding glad with thy countenance. For the king trusteth in the LORD, and through the mercy of the most High he shall not be moved. Thine hand shall find out all thine enemies: thy right hand shall find out those that hate thee. Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them. Their fruit shalt thou destroy from the earth, and their seed from among the children of men. For they intended evil against thee: they imagined a mischievous device, [which] they are not able [to perform]. Therefore shalt thou make them turn their back, [when] thou shalt make ready [thine arrows] upon thy strings against the face of them. Be thou exalted, LORD, in thine own strength: [so] will we sing and praise thy power.” Esther: A Portrait of the Bride of Jesus Christ Esther 2:7, “And he brought up Hadassah, that [is], Esther, his uncle’s daughter: for she had neither father nor mother, and the maid [was] fair and beautiful; whom Mordecai, when her father and mother were dead, took for his own daughter.” Esther 2:15, “Now when the turn of Esther, the daughter of Abihail the uncle of Mordecai, who had taken her for his daughter, was come to go in unto the king, she required nothing but what Hegai the king’s chamberlain, the keeper of the women, appointed. And Esther obtained favour in the sight of all them that looked upon her.” Esther: Her Persian name, of uncertain meaning or derivation. Some commentaries claim that the name means “a star,” which, if true, would be consistent with the theme that Esther represents the believers over whom the devil wants to reign as we read in Isaiah 14:13. Esther’s Hebrew name Hadassah, means “myrtle wood.” Because this name is of Hebrew origin it is easier to find correspondence in other parts of the Bible. When we search the scriptures, we find the following verses in which hadassah (myrtle) is also used: Nehemiah 8:15, “And that they should publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth unto the mount, and fetch olive branches, and pine branches, and myrtle branches, and palm branches, and branches of thick trees, to make booths, as [it is] written.” Isaiah 41:19, “I will plant in the wilderness the cedar, the shittah tree, and the myrtle, and the oil tree; I will set in the desert the fir tree, [and] the pine, and the box tree together:” Isaiah 55:13, “Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the LORD for a name, for an everlasting sign [that] shall not be cut off.” Zechariah 1:8-11, “I saw by night, and behold a man riding upon a red horse, and he stood among the myrtle trees that [were] in the bottom; and behind him [were there] red horses, speckled, and white. Then said I, O my lord, what [are] these? And the angel that talked with me said unto me, I will shew thee what these [be]. And the man that stood among the myrtle trees answered and said, These [are they] whom the LORD hath sent to walk to and fro through the earth. And they answered the angel of the LORD that stood among the myrtle trees, and said, We have walked to and fro through the earth, and, behold, all the earth sitteth still, and is at rest.” It can be concluded from the above that the myrtle tree is a representation of the believers, i.e. in the case of Isaiah 41:19, where in the wilderness (i.e. the world) thorns (unsaved people) flourish, God raises up myrtle trees (the believers). Notice how in Zechariah 1:11, the “angel” (actually “
  23. Frank said

    This was too long to post above…here is the rest

    messenger”) of the LORD stood among the myrtle trees. Does not God stand among the believers? Matthew 18:20, “For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.”

    Esther’s Attributes

    Esther was a “maid” (verse 2:7)…II Kings 5:2-4, “And the Syrians had gone out by companies, and had brought away captive out of the land of Israel a little maid; and she waited on Naaman’s wife. And she said unto her mistress, Would God my lord [were] with the prophet that [is] in Samaria! for he would recover him of his leprosy. And [one] went in, and told his lord, saying, Thus and thus said the maid that [is] of the land of Israel.” NOTE; God used the little “maid” to be a witness of His power in Syria.

    Esther was “fair” (verse 2:7)…Job 42:15, “And in all the land were no women found [so] fair as the daughters of Job: and their father gave them inheritance among their brethren.” Song of Solomon 2:10, “My beloved spake, and said unto me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away.”
    Song of Solomon 4:7, “Thou [art] all fair, my love; [there is] no spot in thee.”
    Song of Solomon 6:10, ” Who [is] she [that] looketh forth as the morning, fair as the moon, clear as the sun, [and] terrible as [an army] with banners?

    Esther was “beautiful” (lit. of good appearance or good countenance) (verse 2:7)…Song of Solomon 6:4, “Thou [art] beautiful, O my love, as Tirzah, comely as Jerusalem, terrible as [an army] with banners.” and Isaiah 52:1, “Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.” NOTE: God declares his bride to be the new Jerusalem in Revelation 21:2, “And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.”
    Isaiah 52:7, “How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!”

    Esther was a “virgin” (verses 2:3 with 2:8)…Isaiah 62:5, “For [as] a young man marrieth a virgin, [so] shall thy sons marry thee: and [as] the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, [so] shall thy God rejoice over thee.” Jeremiah 31:4, “Again I will build thee, and thou shalt be built, O virgin of Israel: thou shalt again be adorned with thy tabrets, and shalt go forth in the dances of them that make merry.”
    I Corinthians 7:28, “But and if thou marry, thou hast not sinned; and if a virgin marry, she hath not sinned. Nevertheless such shall have trouble in the flesh: but I spare you.”
    II Corinthians 11:2, “For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present [you as] a chaste virgin to Christ.”

    Esther was an “orphan.” (Esther 2:7)… Lamentations 5:3, “We are orphans and fatherless, our mothers [are] as widows.”
    As and orphan, Esther was also “fatherless”…Deuteronomy 10:18, “He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.”
    Job 29:12, “Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and [him that had] none to help him.
    Psalms 68:5, “A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, [is] God in his holy habitation.”
    Jeremiah 49:11, “Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve [them] alive; and let thy widows trust in me.”
    James 1:27, ” Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, [and] to keep himself unspotted from the world.”

    Esther was “loved.” (Esther 2:17)… Deuteronomy 33:2&3, “And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them. Yea, he loved the people; all his saints [are] in thy hand: and they sat down at thy feet; [every one] shall receive of thy words.”

    I Kings 10:9, “Blessed be the LORD thy God, which delighted in thee, to set thee on the throne of Israel: because the LORD loved Israel for ever, therefore made he thee king, to do judgment and justice.”

    John 3:16, “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” We know that God loves those whom He sacrificed His Son to save.

    John 13:23, “Now there was leaning on Jesus’ bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.” Jesus loved John who typified all true believers.

    John 13:34, “A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.”

    John 14:21, “He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him.” Jesus reveals (manifests) Himself to those whom He loves.

    John 15:9, “As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you: continue ye in my love.”

    II Thessalonians 2:16, “Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which hath loved us, and hath given [us] everlasting consolation and good hope through
    grace, Comfort your hearts, and stablish you in every good word and work.

    Esther found “grace.” (Esther 2:17)…Genesis 6:8, “But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.”

    Jeremiah 31:2, “Thus saith the LORD, The people [which were] left of the sword found grace in the wilderness; [even] Israel, when I went to cause him to rest.”

    Acts 4:33, “And with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was upon them all.”

    Acts 15:11, “But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they.”

    Acts 20:32, “And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified.”

    Ephesians 2:8, “For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God:”

    Esther found “favor.” (Esther 2:17)…Genesis 39:21, “But the LORD was with Joseph, and shewed him mercy, and gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison.”

    Psalms 5:12, “For thou, LORD, wilt bless the righteous; with favour wilt thou compass him as [with] a shield.”

    Psalms 30:5, “For his anger [endureth but] a moment; in his favour [is] life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy [cometh] in the morning.”

    Psalms 30:7, “LORD, by thy favour thou hast made my mountain to stand strong: thou didst hide thy face, [and] I was troubled.”

    Psalms 89:17, “For thou [art] the glory of their strength: and in thy favour our horn shall be exalted.”

    Psalms 119:58, “I entreated thy favour with [my] whole heart: be merciful unto me according to thy word.”

    Proverbs 3:4, “So shalt thou find favour and good understanding in the sight of God and man.”

    Proverbs 8:35, “For whoso findeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favour of the LORD.”

    Proverbs 12:2, “A good [man] obtaineth favour of the LORD: but a man of wicked devices will he condemn.

    Isaiah 60:10, “And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee.

    Luke 1:30, “And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God.”

    Acts 7:10, “And delivered him out of all his afflictions, and gave him favour and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and he made him governor over Egypt and all his house.”

    Acts 7:46, “Who found favour before God, and desired to find a tabernacle for the God of Jacob.”

    Esther was made a “Queen.” (Esther 2:17)…I Kings 10:13, “And king Solomon gave unto the queen of Sheba all her desire, whatsoever she asked, beside [that] which Solomon gave her of his royal bounty. So she turned and went to her own country, she and her servants.”

    II Chronicles 9:1-3, “And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem, with a very great company, and camels that bare spices, and gold in abundance, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart. And Solomon told her all her questions: and there was nothing hid from Solomon which he told her not. And when the queen of Sheba had seen the wisdom of Solomon, and the house that he had built,.”

    Matthew 12:42, “The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon [is] here.”

    Esther wore a “crown” (Esther 2:17)…Genesis 49:26, “The blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills: they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him that was separate from his brethren.”

    Leviticus 21:12, “Neither shall he go out of the sanctuary, nor profane the sanctuary of his God; for the crown of the anointing oil of his God [is] upon him: I [am] the LORD.”

    Proverbs 4:9, “She shall give to thine head an ornament of grace: a crown of glory shall she deliver to thee.”

    Isaiah 28:5, ” In that day shall the LORD of hosts be for a crown of glory, and for a diadem of beauty, unto the residue of his people,”

    Revelation 2:10, “Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast [some] of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.”

    II Timothy 4:8, “Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.”

    Haman as an Agagite Was Also an Amelekite:
    a Vessel “Unto Dishonour”

    Esther 3:1, “After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that [were] with him.”
    Esther 7:6, “And Esther said, The adversary and enemy [is] this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.”*

    Haman: According to Strong’s Concordance: of foreign derivation, however is very close to Hebrew word meaning “rage,” “tumult,” “destroy,” or “vex.”
    Hammedatha: “Threshing”? Possibly pertains to the last judgment, or threshing when the evil are cast into hell
    Agagite: “Flame”? Again possibly pertaining to those things that are taken out and burned by fire.

    Haman’s Genealogy: Haman was a direct descendent of King Agag, hence Amalek, hence Esau. Let’s see what God has to say about these individuals that make up the ancestry of Haman:

    Malachi 1:2&3, “I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us? [Was] not Esau Jacob’s brother? saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob, And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness.”

    Romans 9:13, “As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.”

    Genesis 36:12, “And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau’s son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek: these [were] the sons of Adah Esau’s wife.”

    Exodus 17:14-17, “And the LORD said unto Moses, Write this [for] a memorial in a book, and rehearse [it] in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven. And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovah-nissi: For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn [that] the LORD [will have] war with Amalek from generation to generation.”
    Deuteronomy 25:17-19, “Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way, when ye were come forth out of Egypt; How he met thee by the way, and smote the hindmost of thee, [even] all [that were] feeble behind thee, when thou [wast] faint and weary; and he feared not God. Therefore it shall be, when the LORD thy God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee [for] an inheritance to possess it, [that] thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; thou shalt not forget [it].”

    I Samuel 15:2&3, “Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I remember [that] which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid [wait] for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt. Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.”

    I Samuel 15:18, “And the LORD sent thee on a journey, and said, Go and utterly destroy the sinners the Amalekites, and fight against them until they be consumed.”

    * The words “adversary”, “enemy”, and “wicked” (when taken together) are used in the Bible to describe satan (i.e, I Peter 5:8, “Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:; Matthew 13:39, “The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.”; and, Matthew 13:38, “The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked [one];”

    I Samuel 15:32&33, “Then said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king of the Amalekites. And Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said, Surely the bitterness of death is past. And Samuel said, As thy sword hath made women childless, so shall thy mother be childless among women. And Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the LORD in Gilgal.”

    In the parable of Balaam against Israel, God made Balaam prophesy that Israel would be exalted above King Agag as we read Numbers 24:7, “He shall pour the water out of his buckets, and his seed [shall be] in many waters, and his king shall be higher than Agag, and his kingdom shall be exalted.” However, Balaam was forced by God to curse the line of Amalek as we read in Numbers 24:20, ” And when he looked on Amalek, he took up his parable, and said, Amalek [was] the first of the nations; but his latter end [shall be] that he perish for ever.”

    Haman, like Satan, is the “Accuser”

    Note the similarity between the accusation by Haman against the Jews in Est. 3:8&9 with what we find in Ezra 4:4-6, “Then the people of the land weakened the hands of the people of Judah, and troubled them in building, And hired counsellors against them, to frustrate their purpose, all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia. And in the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, wrote they [unto him] an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.” Furthermore, we also know according to Revelation 12:10, that Satan is the accuser of the brethren before God, “And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.”

    Found on the internet…very well done…
    “Just as Haman plotted against the Jews in order to destroy them, so has Satan has set himself against Christ and God’s people. Just as Haman is defeated on the gallows he built for Mordecai, so does Christ use the very weapon that his enemy devised to destroy Him and His spiritual seed. For the cross, by which Satan planned to destroy the Messiah, was the very means through which Christ “Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.” (Colossians 2:14-15). Just as Haman was hanged on the gallows he built for Mordecai, so the devil was crushed by the cross he erected to destroy Christ.”

    • Job said


      I thank you for your contribution and assistance in helping me come to see the Christology in the book of Esther. However, please, next time do this.

      1. Start a blog. Sign up at or similar.
      2. Put content like that which you so labored to create above into your blog post.
      3. Provide a link to your post on your blog containing these comments.

      Again, I thank you. I will probably use your comments to form a post.

  24. The Prodigal Son said


    I know…. I said I wouldn’t come back, but it’s just too hard for me to bite my tongue ! The issues are JUST TOO IMPORTANT for me to ignore…

    Job said, “… it verifies that Paul’s statement that God has not cast aside His people the Jews to be correct…”

    Now… I must admit I am getting tired of explaining this to you… and it’s hard to understand someone that you choose to IGNORE but I find myself compelled, so…

    Please show me WHERE in Scripture you find ‘Jews’ described as God’s people !

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

    I wont be holding my breath though… for whatever reason – you have decided to just snub me and hope I’ll go away !

    Therefore I will just show you (and your readership) that you are wrong about ‘Jews’ being God’s people… AND that in fact – the exact OPPOSITE is the real truth !

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

    Now to begin… let’s examine the word ‘Jew’ and it’s origins…

    The English word ‘Jew’ has no reason to exist and is actually a clever effort to confuse Christians… and OH, HOW IT HAS WORKED !

    The word was used by ‘translators’ to designate BOTH citizens of Judea AND members of the tribe of Judah… This should NEVER have happened !

    The translation should have yielded TWO SEPARATE WORDS (as any concordance will show)… these words SHOULD have been translated as ‘Judean’… and ‘Judahite’.

    Now these two words are clearly not synonymous, but nevertheless – beginning with the (heavily Masoretic) King James version… both words were transliterated into English as the word ‘Jew’.

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

    So when you state that, “God’s people are the Jews.”… do you mean God’s people were the Judeans ?

    Or do you mean that God’s people were the Judahites ?

    No matter – BOTH statements above are incorrect, and I can prove it…

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

    I assume you take your basic premise from the book of Romans, in chapter 11, verse 1 – where we see :

    “I say then, has God cast away His people ? Certainly not !”

    But if you just keep reading you see :

    “For I (Paul) am also an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.”…

    So this one verse makes it clear that Paul was NOT a ‘Jew’ – as in a Judahite… he was a Benjamite !

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

    Now surely you would not try to posit that God’s chosen people were ‘Jews’ – as in Judeans ?

    This too, is easily refuted !

    ALL OF THE APOSTLES (except Judas Iscariot) were from Galilee – NOT Judea !

    Before he was Paul the Apostle, he was Saul of Tarsus… Now WHERE was Tarsus ? WHERE was Cilicia ? Were they anywhere near Judea ? You know they weren’t !

    In Acts 22:3, Paul states, “I am indeed a Jew, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel,…”

    Now I have already shown that Paul has declared himself a Benjamite, NOT a Judahite… and he wasn’t born in Judea, so he must mean, ‘I am indeed a Judean’ – meaning raised in Judea, dwelling in Judea…

    So Paul was born in Tarsus, but he called himself a ‘Jew’ (Judean)…

    Much the same as Jesus was born in Bethlehem, but was called a Nazarene because He lived and dwelled in Galilee – NOT Judea…

    If ‘Jew’ means ‘Judean’… was Jesus called a ‘Jew’ because He was a Judean ?

    Clearly not, for if that were the case – the sign on His Cross would have read ‘Jesus the Jew’ instead of ‘Jesus the Nazarene’…

    Jesus was called ‘Jew’ in the KJV because he was a Judahite – of the tribe of Judah – of the Children of ISRAEL.

    So then… it was the Israelites who were God’s people – NOT the ‘Jews’…

    A concordance shows that the majority of times the word ‘Jew’ is used in the Bible, it is used to designate Judeans – people living in Judea, or travellers whose home was in Judea.

    Also, further complicating the issue is the fact that the Idumeans (Edomites) were conquered and absorbed into Judea in approximately 126 B.C., and thereafter these Edomites were also called ‘Jews’ (Judeans)!

    Please recall that King Herod was also an Edomite… and that Herod had tried to kill Jesus when He was born, when the Star led the magi to Bethlehem…

    It is my conclusion that the High Priest and many of the Pharisees were also Edomites. This explains why they wanted to kill Jesus mere days after He was welcomed into Jerusalem by the Children of Israel as the Messiah.

    What would have happened to the Edomites if a temporal Israelite King (as they thought Jesus was) came to power ? It would have been the end for not only Herod, but also any Edomites in influential positions – including that of High Priest !

    In the VERY first edition of the KJV – a very clear distinction was made between these imposters – the despised Idumeans, Judeans and Judahites… but later editions simply merged the terms into one NEW, made-up word :

    JEW !

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

    Here is the proof :

    “(The Jews) answered Him, ‘We are Abraham’s descendants, and have never been in bondage to anyone.'”…

    So here we have ‘Jews’ (Edomite Judeans) admitting that they are NOT of Israel by saying that they have never been in bondage… Remember both Israelites AND Edomites were descendants of Abraham… Israelites had been in captivity, but the Edomites had NOT.

    “Jesus said to them, ‘If God were your Father, you would love Me, for I proceeded forth and came from God; nor have I come of Myself, but He sent Me. Why do you not understand My speech ? Because you are not able to listen to My word.

    You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you want to do.(…)

    He who is of God hears God’s words; therefore you do not hear, because you are not of God.’

    – John 8:33-47

    And… “Jesus answered them, ‘I told you, and you do not believe. The works that I do in My Father’s name, they bear witness of Me.

    But you do not believe, because you are not of My sheep, as I said to you. My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me.’ ”

    – John 10:25-27

  25. Frank said

    Hi Job,
    Thanks for your prompt response. I was only trying to answer your request with respect to:

    “My main issue with Esther is my belief that the role of the Bible is to reveal Jesus Christ: to teach us about His Person, His Mission, His Office, and His Nature, so that through the revelation of Jesus Christ we can learn about the Father and His Will for us.
    But where is this in Esther?
    It is my position that every book in the Bible teaches us about Jesus Christ, and that is why the books are in the canon. As a matter of fact, that is where the authority that is self – evident in the Bible books come from in my opinion.
    But where is it in Esther?”

    I agree my answer was quite lengthy and for that I’m sorry. The venue choice could have been better as well as you pointed out. In my defense I can only say that this was my first ever post in any blog with respect to the Bible and I’m not sure of the protocols (I’m not a “blogger”). I only saw your request for the first time on Sunday (13 September 2009)…The paper was written about 15 years ago.

    I have also produced a few other Christ-centered commentaries/expositions including Jonah, Judges 4&5 (Deborah and Barak), and other proof texts (“Unveiling the Mystery of the Bible”) that Jesus Christ, “His Person, His Mission, His Office, and His Nature”, is indeed the central focus of what the whole Bible is all about, from Beginning to End. I would very much like to share those with you and whomever else might be out there that they might 1)spread the Gospel of Salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, and 2)edify and strengthen the faith of the Saints.
    I can send them directly to you for your review and then you decide what to do with them.

    Thanks again and feel free to use anything from me in future postings that further that purpose.

    • Job said


      I think that you would make an excellent blogger. It only takes a few minutes, especially if you use software that allows you to post to your blog directly. Microsoft Word allows you to do so, as does the Mozilla web browser, and you can also update WordPress and Google blogs via email. It is an excellent way of accomplishing your 1) and 2) goals.

  26. Diane said

    Frank, a better liking or type of King Ahasuerus would be Sadam Hussein and not God the Father or Jesus Christ. The foolish and sinful King’s request and banishment of Vashti is an example of the “world’s hatred” not “God’s displeasure” for those doing what is right and honorable, Christ Himself being of that number.

    God’s salvation and mercy is definitely shown and for that reason, this book is extremely needful as encouragement for believers to pray and remain faithful even unto death.

  27. Diane said

    Taking historical truth and referring to it as a parable, and believing that someone in this event “has to be” a type of Christ, Church, and Israel can lead to teachings that are harmful, though that is not the intent. Viewing Esther or Ahasuerus as a type of Christ instead of people in need of God, to me, unneccessarily takes us down strange paths.

  28. Frank said

    Proverbs 20:12, “The hearing ear, and the seeing eye, the LORD hath made even both of them.”

    The Whole Bible is About Jesus and God’s Salvation Plan Through Him.
    God Makes This Point Clearly and Unequivocally in the New Testament

    In John 5:39, we read where Jesus was admonishing the Jews and said, “Search the scriptures (only the Old Testament in that day); for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me (Jesus Christ). In John 5:45, we read, “Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is [one] that accuseth you, [even] Moses, in whom ye trust. For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me.” Also in Hebrews 10:7 where God explains Psalms 40:7 as saying that the book (the Bible) is talking about Jesus Christ, “Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me, [Jesus Christ]) to do thy will, O God.” Remember also in Luke 24:27 where Jesus, after His resurrection, was walking on the road to Emmaus with the two who did not recognize Him? There we read, “And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.” Later on, in verse 31, we read, “And their eyes were opened, and they knew him;.” This point is reiterated in Acts 3:18, “But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled.” Again in Acts 10:43, we read, “To him (Jesus Christ) give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins.” In John 1:45 we read where, “Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.” Finally, in Romans 1:1-3, we read, “Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called [to be] an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord…”

    The New Testament Speaks Plainly of the Gospel (“Good News”) of Jesus Christ
    Which Previously Had Been Veiled in the Old Testament

    In II Corinthians 3:2-18, we read how God compares the New Testament to the Old Testament. We see a clear comparison between the glorious gospel of grace through Jesus Christ that leads to life that is openly revealed by the Spirit through “great plainness of speech” to the gospel of works by man that can only lead to condemnation and death, but which was nonetheless glorious because it pointed to Jesus Christ in a veiled manner and which veil was removed by the person and completed work of Jesus Christ. “Ye are our epistle written in our hearts, known and read of all men: [Forasmuch as ye are] manifestly declared to be the epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in fleshy tables of the heart. And such trust have we through Christ to God-ward: Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency [is] of God; Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. But if the ministration of death, written [and] engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which [glory] was to be done away: How shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious? For if the ministration of condemnation [be] glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory. For even that which was made glorious had no glory in this respect, by reason of the glory that excelleth. For if that which is done away [was] glorious, much more that which remaineth [is] glorious. Seeing then that we have such hope, we use great plainness of speech: And not as Moses, [which] put a veil over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished: But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same veil untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which [veil] is done away in Christ. But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the veil is upon their heart. Nevertheless when it shall turn to the Lord, the veil shall be taken away. Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord [is], there [is] liberty. But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, [even] as by the Spirit of the Lord.”

    Biblical Ground-Rules

    Before we begin to come to any truth regarding the Bible, we need to know God’s rules concerning its interpretation. In II Peter 1:20&21 and 2:1&2 we read, “Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake [as they were] moved by the Holy Ghost. But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of.”

    These verses are saying that if anyone gives forth an interpretation out of their own intellect or from the carnal minds of others that have taught them, they are false teachers and the truth is not in them. But how are we to know which is out of a man’s mind as opposed to what God is really saying? God gives us the means in the Bible.

    In I Corinthians 2:13 we read, “Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.” And we know from II Samuel 23:2, “The spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word [was] in my tongue.” Clearly the word of God, the Bible, is spiritual, as it was written under the direction of the Holy Spirit. So if we want to learn the true meaning of any verse then we need to compare scripture with scripture (spiritual things with spiritual things). Also in I John 2:27 we read, “But the anointing (of the Holy Spirit) which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.”

    We also learn that if anyone is a true prophet (one who is declaring God’s word faithfully), then certain criteria must also be met. All true Believers, the true prophets, must have the testimony of Jesus Christ, and no one else. That is why we read in Revelation 19:10, “And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See [thou do it] not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.” We can see, the Bible is the word of God, and Jesus Christ is both God and the Word made flesh (See John 1:1 and John 1:14). Revelation 19:13 reiterates this point, “And he (Jesus Christ) [was] clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his (Jesus’s) name is called The Word of God.”

    Understanding Parables: A Biblical Proof-Text for Typological/Allegorical Interpretation

    In Mark 4:10 we read that Jesus, when He had just finished telling the parable of the Sower, was asked by His disciples what the parable meant; “And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable.” In Mark 4:13, Jesus gave the following response, “And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables?”

    Why did Jesus imply that His disciples should have known what the parable meant? Could they have known before Jesus explained it to them? Also, He indicated that if they did know the meaning of this parable, then they would be able to know the meaning of all parables. What did that mean?

    When we do a word study of the parable of the Sower, using a concordance such as Strong’s or Young’s, comparing scripture with scripture (comparing spiritual things with spiritual things); we find that if we search just the Old Testament (the only scriptures available at the time of Christ) we can derive essentially the same meaning of the parable as Jesus gave His disciples. By applying the same principles to the rest of the Bible, trusting God’s Word, by faith, being led by the Holy Spirit, we ought to be able to learn the meaning of “all” parables.

    However, please remember that the information in this Bible study help is not to be viewed as some kind of a cookbook “recipe,” by which we can automatically come to truth. God is sovereign, and in complete control of the revelation of saving truth from His Word, the Bible. Intellectual knowledge will never save anyone (it could actually add to his greater condemnation). May we never be as those God describes in II Timothy 3:7, “Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth.” (Remember also that Jesus is The “Truth”)
    Word Study, the “Parable of the Sower”
    (See Matthew 13:3-23, Mark 4:3-20, and Luke 8:4-15)

    The Sower and His Seed: (God and His Word)

    Isaiah 55:10&11 For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater: So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper [in the thing] whereto I sent it.
    *II Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for [your] food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness;

    The Wayside: (The World, that which is not in “the Way”. Remember Jesus is the Way, the Truth, and the Life)
    Psalms 140:5 The proud have hid a snare for me, and cords; they have spread a net by the wayside; they have set gins for me. Selah.
    *Matthew 20:30 And, behold, two blind men sitting by the way side, when they heard that Jesus passed by, cried out, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, [thou] son of David.
    * New Testament, only shown to reinforce illustration.

    Fowls of the Air: (Forces of Satan)

    I Samuel 17:44 And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.
    I Samuel 17:46 This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.
    Job 28:21 Seeing it is hid from the eyes of all living, and kept close (concealed) from the fowls of the air.

    Devour: (Destroy or Consume)

    II Chronicles 7:13 If I shut up heaven that there be no rain, or if I command the locusts to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among my people;
    Isaiah 33:11 Ye shall conceive chaff, ye shall bring forth stubble: your breath, [as] fire, shall devour you.
    Jeremiah 51:34 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out.
    Zephaniah 3:8 Therefore wait ye upon me, saith the LORD, until the day that I rise up to the prey: for my determination [is] to gather the nations, that I may assemble the kingdoms, to pour upon them mine indignation, [even] all my fierce anger: for all the earth shall be devoured with the fire of my jealousy.

    Stony: (Hard Hearted)

    Psalms 141:6 When their judges are overthrown in stony places, they shall hear my words; for they are sweet.
    Ezekiel 36:26 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.

    Root: (Jesus Christ, the Root of Jesse)

    II Kings 19:30 And the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall yet again take root downward, and bear fruit upward.
    Isaiah 11:10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.

    Withered: (Dried Up, Scorched, as in the Fires of Hell)

    Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, [and] set them on fire: for it [is] a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.

    Ezekiel 19:12 But she was plucked up in fury, she was cast down to the ground, and the east wind dried up her fruit: her strong rods were broken and withered; the fire consumed them.
    Joel 1:12 The vine is dried up, and the fig tree languisheth; the pomegranate tree, the palm tree also, and the apple tree, [even] all the trees of the field, are withered: because joy is withered away from the sons of men.
    *John 5:3 In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water.
    *John 15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned.

    Thorns: (Cares of This World, and the Snare of False Gospels)

    Genesis 3:18 Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field;
    Judges 2:3 Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be [as thorns] in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you.
    Proverbs 22:5 Thorns [and] snares [are] in the way of the froward: he that doth keep his soul shall be far from them.
    Isaiah 32:13 Upon the land of my people shall come up thorns [and] briers; yea, upon all the houses of joy [in] the joyous city:
    Isaiah 33:12 And the people shall be [as] the burnings of lime: [as] thorns cut up shall they be burned in the fire.
    Jeremiah 4:3 For thus saith the LORD to the men of Judah and Jerusalem, Break up your fallow ground, and sow not among thorns.
    Ezekiel 2:6 And thou, son of man, be not afraid of them, neither be afraid of their words, though briers and thorns [be] with thee, and thou dost dwell among scorpions: be not afraid of their words, nor be dismayed at their looks, though they [be] a rebellious house.

    Fruit: (Good Fruit is the Evidence of True Salvation)

    Deuteronomy 11:17 And [then] the LORD’S wrath be kindled against you, and he shut up the heaven, that there be no rain, and that the land yield not her fruit; and [lest] ye perish quickly from off the good land which the LORD giveth you.
    Leviticus 26:4 Then I will give you rain in due season, and the land shall yield her increase, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit.
    Deuteronomy 22:9 Thou shalt not sow thy vineyard with divers seeds: lest the fruit of thy seed which thou hast sown, and the fruit of thy vineyard, be defiled.
    Psalms 1:3 And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.
    Proverbs 11:30 The fruit of the righteous [is] a tree of life; and he that winneth souls [is] wise.
    Proverbs 12:12 The wicked desireth the net of evil [men]: but the root of the righteous yieldeth [fruit].
    Isaiah 4:2 In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth [shall be] excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.
    Isaiah 27:6 He shall cause them that come of Jacob to take root: Israel shall blossom and bud, and fill the face of the world with fruit.
    Jeremiah 17:8 For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and [that] spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit.
    Ezekiel 17:8 It was planted in a good soil by great waters, that it might bring forth branches, and that it might bear fruit, that it might be a goodly vine.
    Ezekiel 34:27 And the tree of the field shall yield her fruit, and the earth shall yield her increase, and they shall be safe in their land, and shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I have broken the bands of their yoke, and delivered them out of the hand of those that served themselves of them.
    *Matthew 3:10 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

    Other verses to ponder:

    Romans 15:4, “For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.”

    I Corinthians 10:11, “Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.”

    Psalms 19:11, “Moreover by them is thy servant warned: [and] in keeping of them [there is] great reward.” (please, if at all possible, read all of Psalms 19 and 119)

    Psalms 37:30, “The mouth of the righteous speaketh wisdom, and his tongue talketh of judgment.”

    Ecclesiastes 8:5, “Whoso keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man’s heart discerneth both time and judgment.”

    Hebrews 12:25, “See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more [shall not] we [escape], if we turn away from him that [speaketh] from heaven: Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more (Judgment Day) I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.”

    Ecclesiastes 1:18, “For in much wisdom [is] much grief: and he that increaseth knowledge increaseth sorrow.”

  29. Diane said

    The bible contains historical events which reveal mankinds relationship with God and one another and shows a clear picture of our dependency on God, as well as the law and prophets which point to Christ.

  30. The Prodigal Son said

    This Masoretic version of Esther is missing MANY verses which are present in the Greek LXX (Septuagint)… Including the prayers of both Mordecai and Esther, which DO mention God.

    Christ and His Apostles carried the Septuagint… so why receive Esther from the Pharisees (Masoretes) ? They HATED Jesus ! No wonder you can’t find God in their ‘censored’ version !

    I challenge everyone who calls themself a Christian to STUDY the vast, many differences between the Greek and the Hebrew texts… INCLUDING the AGE and veracity of those texts.

    I have yet to finish my own examination… (it’s quite an undertaking), but I have discovered that the Masoretes (Pharisees) went to great lengths to obscure the fact that Edom was absobed by Judea in approximately 126 B.C…

    Wikipedia says what happened to the Edomites is a mystery…

    Recall that Herod was an Edomite… I posit that the High Priest and many of the Pharisees were also Edomites (Idumeans)…

    This deception has sought to equate the Pharisaic ‘Jews’ with Israel… when – if I am correct – they were actually descended of Edom !

    Jacob was called ‘Israel’, but Esau was called ‘Edom’…

    WHAT happened to the CURSED nation of Edom ? Did they just dry up and blow away ?

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

    The Masoretic version of Esther also OMITS the text of the letter sent out by Haman to the commanders and governors in one hundred and twenty seven provinces… stretching from India to Ethiopia, Omitted as well was the fact that the kingdom consisted of those 127 provinces and nations !

    I’ll reproduce it here for anyone who may be interested (with Job’s permission, of course !)…

    I think it will be an eye-opener for many of you !

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

    The great King Artaxerxes, to the rulers in the hundred twenty seven provinces from India to Ethiopia, and who hold authority under him, thus decrees :

    Ruling over many nations, and having gained dominion over all the world, not motivated by the power of authority, but ever conducting myself in moderation and unceasing gentleness, I was desiring to make the lives of my subjects continually tranquil and to maintain the kingdom calm and safe to it’s furthest borders, and to restore the peace desired by all men.

    But when I inquired of my counselors how this should be done, Haman, who excels in good sense among us, and has been shown unwavering in good will and unshakable in fidelity, and has attained the second place in the kingdom, made known to us that there is a race of people full of ill will who are mixed in with all the other races throughout the world, whose laws are contrary to all the other nations, and they continually disregard the ordinances of the kings. Thus the joint administration, blamelessly administered by us, cannot be performed.

    Therefore, we have determined that this people alone is in opposistion to every other person, entertaining a strange code of laws, and not disposed to our affairs and perpetrating the worst evils, and thus the kingdom is not able to experience stability. Therefore we have designated all those made known to you in the letters written by Haman, who is appointed over such matters and who is our second father, to root out and destroy all of them, with their wives and children, without any mercy, sparing no one, on the fourteenth day of the twelfth month Adar of this present year that this race of people, both from before and until now hostile to us, violently going down to death in one day, may afterwards secure for us a time that is tranquil and an undisturbed state of affairs.

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

  31. The Prodigal Son said

    Here also, for your edification – is the letter that was sent out to declare that the King had issued a NEW decree :

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

    The great King Artaxerxes, to the governors of the provinces in the hundred twenty seven satrapies, from India to Ethiopia, and to the faithful to our interests: Greetings !

    Many of those who have been frequently honored in the great kindness of their benefactors have become high minded; not only do they seek to do harm to our subjects, but being unable to bear such ameasure, they undertake to plot against their own benefactors.

    Not only do they drive out gratitude from among men, but also being puffed up by those who are unacquainted with goodness, they suppose they will escape the vengeance of the all-seeing God.

    And often, many of those who have been appointed to posistions of authority, being entrusted to manage the affairs of friends and having been given a posistion of authority as an encouragement, have become accessories to the shedding of innocent blood; and they have involved them in circumstances without remedy by deceiving with false arguments the benign kindness of the rulers. And it is possible to observe this, not so much from examining the ancient traditions, as by your learning from the wicked deeds accomplished in your midst by the pestilential influence of those unworthy of holding power. We must be on guard for the future, that we may maintain the kingdom undisturbed and peaceful for all the people, making the most of changes, and always judging fairly in the matters coming to our attention.

    Thu Haman, the son of Hammedatha, a Macedonian, certainly not of Persian blood, but differing greatly from our kindness, and having been hospitibly recieved by us, recieved with such alarge share of the benevolence which we have for all peoples that he was publically proclaimed to be our father, reverenced by all; he attained the rank of second to the royal throne. But unable to bear his dignity, he endeavored to deprive us of our kingdom and our life. And by very twisted methods of deception, he demanded the destruction of our deliverer and constant benefactor, Mordecai, and Esther, the blameless consort of our kingdom, together with their whole race. For through these ways, he expected to catch the nation of the Persians undefended and to guide the Macedonians to victory. However, we find that the people of Judah, who have been consigned to destruction by this terribly wicked man, are not criminals, but live by most just laws.

    We find them to be children of the Most High, Most Mighty, Living God, who has guided the kingdom both for us and our forefathers in the most excellent manner.

    Therefore you will do well to disregard the letters sent by Haman the son of Hammedatha, because he who has produced these has been hanged at the gates of Susa, along with his whole household. For God Almighty, who rules over all things, swiftly rendered a just judgement on him.

    Therefore, post a copy of this document publically in every place, making it known that the people of Judah are to follow their own customs; and join in supporting them, so that on the day set for their destruction, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month Adar, they may defend themselves against those who would attack them. For God, who holds power over all things, has made this a day of gladness for them instead of a day of the destruction of a chosen race.

    Therefore, celebrate this outstanding day among your named feasts with all rejoicing, so that both now and in the future it may be deliverance for us and for the well-inclined Persians; and for those who plot destruction against us, a remembrance of destruction. And every city or province whatsoever which shall not act in accordance with these things shall be mercilessly destroyed with spear and fire; it shall be made impassable not only to men, but even to wild animals and birds forever. Let copies of the decree be posted conspicuously throughout the kingdom, and let all the men of Judah be ready on that day to fight against those that oppose them.

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

  32. John Kaniecki said


    Sorry that would be the LXX wouldn’t it?



  33. The Prodigal Son said

    John K.,

    I’m doing fine, I hope you’re doing good too !

    I have ‘The Orthodox Study Bible’ which was put out by Thomas Nelson in the States. It is entirely in English, containing the St. Athanasius Academy Septuagint, as well as the NKJV New Testament.

    As far as a Greek version… You’d probably have to hit up a Greek Orthodox Church down there somewhere. Are you learning Greek, John ?

    Incidentally – did you know that Martin Luther considered the Greek Orthodox Church to be the true, original Church he was searching for – following his protests against the so-called ‘catholic’ church ?

    Sadly, he thought the Church in Greece had been defunct (which it very nearly was), so he never found them. But they were there ! They’ve ALWAYS been there ! They’re STILL there !

    And unlike the Romish ‘church’ – they have not arbitrarily changed their doctrine over time… but have kept the faith that was once entrusted to them.

    Luther learned this in his day, and it is my fervent prayer that all of those in North America and Europe, Australia and New Zealand calling themselves Christians will realize this too, and re-join the One Original Church !

    May God make it so ! In the Name of the Father, and the Son and the Holy Spirit.

  34. The Prodigal Son said

    For John, and everyone…

    The Prayers of Mordecai and Esther (respectively), appearing at the end of chapter 4:

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

    He then beseeched the Lord, remembering all the works of the Lord, and said,

    “O Lord, Lord, Almighty King, all things are under Your power, and there is no one to oppose You in Your desire to save Israel.

    For You have made heaven and the earth, and every wondrous thing under heaven, and You are the Lord of all, and there is no one who shall resist You, Lord. You know all things: You know, O Lord, that it is not out of disrespect or arrogance or love of honor that I did this, to refuse to bow down to the haughty Haman, for I would have been happy to kiss the soles of his feet for the salvation of Israel. For I did this in order that I not place the glory of man above the glory of God. I will not bow down to anyone but You, my Lord, and I will not do these things out of arrogance.

    And now, O Lord God, King, God of Abraham, save Your people, for they look upon us for our destruction, and they desire to destroy Your inheritance from the beginning. Do not disregard Your portion which You redeemed for Yourself out of the Land of Egypt. Hear my prayer and be merciful to Your inheritance. Turn our mourning into feasting so we may live and hymn Your Name, O Lord. Do not destroy the mouth of those who praise You.”

    Then all Israel cried out with all their might, for their death was before their eyes.

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

    And Queen Esther, seized with the agony of death, fled to the Lord for refuge. And removing her royal garments, she put on the garments of distress and mourning. Instead of the magnificent perfumes, she covered her head with ashes and dirt. She humbled her body exceedingly. She set aside everything of her worldly joy, and her hair was unkempt. She implored the Lord God of Israel, and said:

    “O my Lord, You alone are our King. Help me, who am alone and have no help but You! For my risk of danger is in my hand. I have heard from my birth in the tribe of my family that You, O Lord, chose Israel out of all the nations, and our fathers out of all their ancestors, for an everlasting inheritance, and do for them whatever You have spoken. Now we sinned before You, and You have delivered us into the hands of our enemies because we have worshipped their gods. O Lord, You are righteous. But now they are not satisfied with the bitter state of our bondage, but they have pledged to their idols to abolish the decree You have spoken and to destroy your inheritance, to close the mouths of those who praise You, and to exstinguish the glory of Your Temple and Your altar, and to open the mouths of the heathen to proclaim the virtues of their false gods, and to extol a human king forever.

    O Lord, do not give Your scepter over to those who are not. Do not let them laugh at our fall, but turn their consel against themselves, and make an example of the one who rules against us. Remember us, O Lord. Manifest Yourself in the time of our affliction, and encourage me, O King of gods and Ruler over every power. Grant to my mouth proper words in the presence of the lion, to turn his heart to a hatred of our enemy, so that he and those aggreeing with him may perish. Save us by Your hand, and help me who am alone and have no one but You, O Lord.

    You know all things, and You know that I hate the glory of the lawless and abhor the bed of the uncircumcised and of every foreigner. You know my necessity, for I abhor the symbol of my proud station which is upon my head on the days when I appear in public, as if it were a menstrual rag, and I do not wear it on the days I am alone.

    Your handmaid has not eaten at the table of Haman, nor have I honored the banquet of the king, nor drunk the wine of libations.

    Neither has Your handmaid rejoiced since the day of her elevation, except in You, O Lord, God of Abraham. O God, Who have power over all, hear the voice of us in despair, and deliver us from the hand of those acting wickedly, and deliver me from my fear.”

    ~~~ ~~~ ~~~

  35. Roger said

    I would like to talk to Frank about the other resources he mentioned.

  36. Amber said

    Here is a perspective of Esther that coincides with your gut reaction of the book:

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